cognitive behavioural therapy

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Aaron T Beck

“Cognitive therapy seeks to alleviate psychological stresses by correcting faulty conceptions and self-signals.”


Providing Counselling in Lincoln and Surrounding Areas

Lincoln Counselling in Lincoln promotes CBT. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave. It's most commonly used to treat anxiety and depression, but can be useful for other mental and physical health problems.

How CBT works

CBT is based on the concept that your thoughts, feelings, physical sensations and actions are interconnected, and that negative thoughts and feelings can trap you in a vicious cycle.


CBT aims to help you deal with overwhelming problems in a more positive way by breaking them down into smaller parts. You're shown how to change these negative patterns to improve the way you feel.


Unlike some other talking treatments, CBT deals with your current problems, rather than focusing on issues from your past. It looks for practical ways to improve your state of mind on a daily basis.


  • can be as effective as medication

  • completed over the short term 

  • completed by the individual or group

  • teaches useful and practical strategies

  • can be used in everyday life

  • focuses on the here and now

  • is a strategic therapy

  • you need to commit yourself to the process

  • homework can take up blocks of time 

  • sessions are structured

  • may not be suitable for those with more complex mental health needs

  • involves confronting emotions and anxieties

  • initial periods where you're anxious or emotionally uncomfortable 

  • doesn't address wider problems in systems or families



CBT uses

CBT has been shown to be an effective way of treating a number of different mental health conditions.

In addition to depression or anxiety disorders, CBT can also help people with:


CBT is also sometimes used to treat people with long-term health conditions, such as:


Although CBT can't cure the physical symptoms of these conditions, it can help people cope better with their symptoms.

"I have been introduced to the concept of being mindful, being kind to myself. Taking time for myself has now become a routine"

CBT Sessions

What happens during CBT sessions

If CBT is recommended, you'll usually have a session with a therapist once a week or once every 2 weeks. The course of treatment usually lasts for between 5 and 20 sessions, with each session lasting 30 to 60 minutes.


During the sessions, you'll work with your therapist to break down your problems into their separate parts, such as your thoughts, physical feelings and actions. You and your therapist will analyse these areas to work out if they're unrealistic or unhelpful, and to determine the effect they have on each other and on you. Your therapist will then be able to help you work out how to change unhelpful thoughts and behaviours. 


After working out what you can change, your therapist will ask you to practise these changes in your daily life and you'll discuss how you got on during the next session. The eventual aim of therapy is to teach you to apply the skills you have learnt during treatment to your daily life. This should help you manage your problems and stop them having a negative impact on your life, even after your course of treatment finishes.


Some critics also argue that because CBT only addresses current problems and focuses on specific issues, it doesn't address the possible underlying causes of mental health conditions, such as an unhappy childhood.

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